Updated Dry Cargo Chartering Advice

General mcN topics and discussion
Post Reply
FrankJScott
Posts: 111
Joined: Fri Sep 17, 2021 12:48 pm
Location: Canada
Contact:

Updated Dry Cargo Chartering Advice

Post by FrankJScott »

The Purpose and General Use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

Many hazards were involved in the operation of sea-going bulk carriers. The safety of seagoing bulk carriers is the subject of meticulous planning. This site is designed to serve as a quick guide for shipping organizations around the world. It provides details and guidelines for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limitations set by the classification society. It is crucial to limit the risk of stressing the structure of the ship and adhering to all security measures to ensure a secure sea crossing. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics which could be beneficial to the crew onboard as well as those who working ashore at the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers could be single deck vessels. They have top-side tanks, as well as side tanks that hoppers can use. These tanks are used in cargo spaces. They are made to carry solid bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo can be any substance, other then liquid or gasoline made up of a mix of granules as well as particles. These materials are loaded directly into the space of the ship's cargo areas without any kind of container. Sugar, grains and bulk ores are some examples of dry cargo. Bulk carriers can be described as any vessel designed to transport liquid or solid cargo in bulk. Tankers are also included. The term bulk carrier is typically used to describe vessels that are specifically designed to carry bulk solid cargos. They include grains, similar agricultural products, and minerals like coal, ore and stone on one or more of the voyage legs. Peruse this bulk ship blog for more.

Image

What Is A Bulk-Carrier What Are The Main Features Of Bulk Carriers:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes up to 300,000.
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers of medium to small size bulk (carrying capacity between 40,000 and 60,000 tonnes) typically come with equipment for handling cargo. However, larger vessels can use facilities on shore to load or unload.
-Cargo holds are often large and free from obstructions. Large hatches allow for simple loading and unloading.
Most bulk carriers have one ballast hold. This can be used on ballast voyages for improved stability. A few additional holds may be permitted for partial ballasting but only at port.
They are single pull, stacking or hydraulic type steel hatch covers.
Ballast tanks of different types
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
After-peak and peak ballast water tank.

Is it solid bulk cargo? Anything that isn't liquids and gases, which is composed of particles, granules, or larger chunks of material. They can be loaded directly into cargo spaces without the need for any other method of containment. The cargoes carried by bulk carriers, that range from "clean" food items to "dirty" minerals and including those that may react with each other or with sources of contamination such as water, mean that attention must be paid to ensure that cargo spaces are adequately prepared for the specific item to be loaded. The cargo area must be cleaned in a way that allows loading. Surveyors often have examine the area to ensure that it is safe for loading. To prevent contamination, it is important to get rid of any remnants left from previous cargo. The bulk cargo is most vulnerable to water damage. This means that the storage areas should be dry to allow cargo to enter. In addition, hatch covers must also be sealed and watertight if necessary to prevent water intrusion. All fittings in the holds (pipe guards and cover for bilge, etc.) should be inspected. It is recommended to inspect each fitting in the hold (ladders,pipe guards, bilge covers...) to ensure that they are in good functioning order. They may cause serious wear and tear to conveyor belts, which could lead to delays. If the equipment gets discharged with cargo, the ship may be held accountable. Have a look at this bulk carrier ship site for more.

Image

Bulk Carrier, Bulker? A vessel intended to transport dry cargo. Bulk carriers that are conventional have a single deck with single skin, double-bottom topside tanks and hopper sides. Bulk carriers can transport any type of bulk cargo that ranges from heavy ore to light grains up to the maximum weight. The loading, transportation, and final discharge of bulk dry cargo aren't as straightforward or as simple as most people think.

Carrier for bulk material without equipment
A lot of bulk cargoes have dangerous properties, and they can alter their properties during transit. Incorrect loading can result in damage to the ship. It is possible for the ship to bow when it is not properly loaded. This is known as "stress?" These can have serious consequences for sea life in difficult weather conditions. Other cargoes can also be affected by residuals of previous cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are susceptible to damage from water. cement power. It is not easy to verify true weights or quantities of cargoes that are loaded or discharged. These factors can have severe consequences on the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes are prone to form a cone if they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle that is created by this cone is referred to as the `angle of repose'. It is different with each cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes form a steep-angled cone whereas cargoes that flow freely will make a cone that is shallow. A cargo that has an angle that is low to rest is more prone to shifting in transit. If the cargo is close to its completion, bulldozers could have to be employed to distribute the load into holds. Dry-bulk carriers depend on facilities at the shore for cargo discharge or loading. However bulk carriers might be able to self-unload using conveyors in the cargo hold or on deck.


Post Reply